Instead of serving Him with humility and offering love to their neighbors, the nation of Judah offered meaningless sacrifices in God’s temple at Jerusalem and committed injustices throughout the nation.
The people of Judah turned their backs on God and alienated themselves from Him, which created the need for Isaiah’s pronouncements of judgment—declarations made in the hope that God’s chosen people would return to Him.
As is the case with nearly all the books of “the prophets,” the book of Isaiah takes its name from its writer.
Isaiah was married to a prophetess who bore him at least two sons (Isaiah 7:3; 8:3).
This is what could be theirs if they turned to God in repentance.
But as we voyage into chapter 40, a dramatic change in the tone and the context seems to appear. For in chapter , Isaiah says, “Go forth from Babylon! ” Hence, the shift from a city under siege to a people in captivity renders apparent.
Isaiah, one of the greatest of the prophets, appeared at a critical moment in Israel’s history.
One of the mysteries in biblical history that has been unveiled is the author of the book of Isaiah. It is traditionally maintained that an individual man, the prophet Isaiah, composed his entire book, from beginning to end.Other ugly moments in the north featured King Ahab and the wicked Queen Jezebel, who advanced the worship of the Canaanite fertility god, Baal, and who persecuted Elijah and the few others who sought to stay true to the faith of Abraham. In this passage, he warned of northern destruction: (Is -15).But his own Judah remained the focus of his concern and warnings.Idolatry had begun there from the start, when the first king, Jeroboam, erected golden calves (of all things!) in two northern cities and strove to dissuade northern Jews from going south to Jerusalem (in Judah) to worship. Though living in Judah to the south, Isaiah both prophesied doom for the north and warned the kings of the south to rebuke wickedness and fears and to form no foreign alliances against the growing menaces to the north (Israel) and the east (Assyria).This position not only limits the power of God to communicate with His people but also ignores the wide variety of specific, predictive claims about Jesus Christ scattered throughout the book.